Information and communication technologies
ICTs have emerged very recently as the most powerful tool for more efficient, faster and more economical dissemination of information. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, ICT is defined as the technologies used to collect, process, store, retrieve, disseminate and implement data and information using microelectronics , optics, telecommunications and computers. ICT is a generic term that includes any communication device or application, encompassing radio, television, mobile and landline telephones, computer and network hardware and software, satellite systems, etc., as well as the various services and applications associated with them, such as videoconferencing, distance education, etc. Low-cost information and communication technology (ICT) tools like mobile phones promise the ability to deliver timely, relevant and actionable information to farmers around the world at dramatically lower costs than telecom services. traditional extension. We have seen how a simple mobile is a boon for farmers living near the sea. They get timely information about weather conditions on their mobile phones and thus plan their fishing activities accordingly.
Among the various ICT tools, mobile applications offer a futuristic reach for accessing a diverse range of information needed for agricultural production. Studies have found that using various mobile apps to provide localized agricultural information has helped reduce crop losses, improve yields, and has a profound effect on improving incomes for smallholder farmers, including women. rural. These mobile apps, as a form of social media tool, allow people to have many types of conversation, share information, and facilitate discussion. This tool is simpler and easier to use, requires less internet data and is increasingly popular in rural parts of India. Some of the apps that are advancing the cause of the agricultural community in the country are: